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Hip dysplasia casefile yields important information about how undiagnosed disease progresses to full blown arthritis.
A 59 year old man presented at our clinic with sharp stabs of pain in the right groin that began approximately six years previously. An ache radiated down the front of the thigh to just below the knee.
He remarked that he had regular chronic mild lower back pain, but only rarely did it really trouble him.
The pain in the groin began gradually; it was intermittent but in the last six months it became much worse. He had difficulty reaching his shoe, walking caused sharp discomfort, and even cycling was restricted. Climbing stairs was painful.
Remarkably, as most people have no idea how their mother's pregnancy went, he knew that he lay in the transverse position; she had told him.
Physiotherapy had brought a little temporary relief. Otherwise, nothing relieved the pain.
The ten questions in the questionaire at the bottom of this page will enable both you and your chiropractor to gauge
just how badly your hip pain is affecting your general life style. He rated his condition as an eight.
In this hip dysplasia casefile the patient stood with a distinct lop sided posture. A short left leg tilted his pelvis giving him a mild C shaped scoliosis.
The ranges of motion of the lumbar spine were as follows. Flexion was mildly pain in the low back. Backward bending and sideways to the left produced right lower back pain.
Range of Motion of the right hip:
Flexion was severely limited to no more than 90* with a very hard "end-feel". That's typical of bone on bone. On flexing the hip to his chest, noteworthy was that he could only achieve it by simultaneously abducting the hip outwards. Likewise adduction, pulling it towards the opposite shoulder, was extremely restricted and caused sharp stabs of pain in the groin. Rotation, extension and abduction were relatively normal.
Motion palpation: The right sacroiliac joint was severely fixated (what I call a "feel of concrete" in the joint. It appeared "ankylosed".). Likewise there was a fixation of L5, the lowermost lumbar bone.
Sacroiliac tests were negative. Yeoman's test produced mild L5 pain but nothing in the hip or SI joint. The Patrick Fabere test was normal surprisingly. Straight leg raise test of Lasegue only produced pain in the groin, ie. it was negative for a pinched sciatic nerve.
The radiologist's report reads as follows.
The right acetabulum lies more steeply inclined than the left hip. The cephalad portion of the hip joint is reduced in size, having worsened since the examination in 2005.
Bilaterally, there are degenerative changes occurring at the lateral margin of the roof of the socket. This has the appearance of a moderate Cox arthritis of the right hip associated with the mild case of dysplasia of the right acetabulum; normal sacroiliac joints.
Developmental Hip dysplasia casefile. DDH.
CONSULT 1 : (17 June) HISTORY AND EXAMINATION
Subjective: Right groin pain.
Objective: Moderate to severe loss of flexion and adduction.
Assessemnt: Right hip dysplasia casefile.
Plan: Hip and pelvic exercises.
CONSULT 2 : (26 June)
S: R groin pain.
O: No change
A: DDH, X-rays have arrived.
P: Report of Findings.
First Chiropractic treatment of the sacroiliac joints, lumbar spine and hip joint.
CONSULT 3 : 1 July
S: Hip definitely feels looser. No "after pain" from the treatment.
O: No change in the objective findings of this hip dysplasia casefile.
P: Add Mulligan belt mobilisation of the hip.
CONSULT 4 : 6 July
S: Increased pain in the low back.
O: Extension and increased flexion low back pain.
A: Low back in unstable phase after first few treatments: aggravations.
P: Change in treatment of L5. Right-side-down chiropractic adjustment of L5. Supine Thompson drop treatment of the right SIJ. Mulligan mobilisation of the right hip.
CONSULT 5 : 10 July
S: Much less back pain since last treatment. Groin pain still severe when walking. Range of motion of the hip increasing.
O: No lumbar flexion pain. Hip flexion still restricted to 90 degrees. Adduction improving.
A: First range of motion increases, then pain should decrease.
P: Nutrition. Discussed the need for nutritional support for the cartilage in the hip joint. Recommendations:
One big plus: Mr F's weight is perfect.
CONSULT 6 : 13 July
S: Improving. Minimal back pain, Walking improving.
O: Pelvis still obviously low on the left.
A: Time for a heel lift. 5mm lift in the left shoe immediately reduces extension pain in the low back.
P: As before.
CONSULT 7 : 20 July HIP DYSPLASIA CaseFile
S: Magic. 80% less pain in the groin. Can now walk without pain, first time in six years.
O: Hip flexion still limited to 90*. "Concrete feel" in right sacroiliac joint is gone. Normal movment of SIJ on motion palpation.
A: Hard end-feel in the hip is much improved.
P: Mr F can flex his hip another 20* after the treatment. Must continue with the exercises to maintain the increased range of motion. Next consult two weeks. Begin rehab phase, and begin treatment on the left hip FAIS.
CONSULT 8 : August 8.
S: Mr F is a different man. Walking is almost normal, certainly painfree, though he does have a slight limp on careful scruteny.
O: For the first time hip flexion BEFORE the treatment now exceeds 90*. Adduction remains very limited. No abnormal sacroiliac findings.
A: He's doing better than expected. The interesting question is to what extent the Chiropractic adjustment of the sacro-iliac joint subluxation is what has restored his walking, and how much to do with the actual treatment of the hip itself.
P: Add further pelvic stabilisation exercises. Treatment as before. Next treatment in four weeks.
Note: I personally have gone into semi-retirement, and have left the care of Mr F to my colleague. No further updates to this casefile.
DISCUSSION of this Hip Dysplasia casefile
Hip pain questionaire
Pain is very subjective; this hip pain questionaire will help you gauge just how real your pain is.
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